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 Nikki Stokes
Nikki Stokes

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What is a Resume? Everything You Need to Know

What is a Resume? Everything You Need to Know

You’ve done the hard work: chosen a major, studied endlessly, and survived the trials and tribulations of your college years; now it’s time to begin your job hunt. 

Finding a job straight out of college might feel like a daunting task, but it doesn’t have to be a stressful process if you take it one step at a time. 
The first item on your agenda when beginning a job search has to be creating a stellar resume, and here’s an overview of how to make it happen. 

What is a resume, and what is its purpose? 

It’s important to first define resume before taking the initial steps to create one. Simply put, a resume for a job is a short document that provides an overview of your education, work experience, and accomplishments as well as your contact information and professional objectives. 

This allows potential employers to assess your qualifications for a job before offering you an interview; it helps them weed out candidates who it’s immediately evident wouldn’t be a good fit. 

It goes without saying that an impressive resume is more likely to land you an interview, where you’ll have the opportunity to wow employers. 

Everyone should have a resume

Even if you’re applying for a job that requires you to fill out an application which lists your experience, it’s always a good idea to submit a resume as well. 

Submitting a resume conveys to employers that you understand the resume definition (an important standard in the professional world), that you’re well-organized, and that you are an effective communicator. 

Not to mention, submitting a resume allows you to control the narrative of your life; it gives you the opportunity to send a more holistic view of yourself as a candidate than an application alone would. 

Do’s and don’ts of resume content 

There are quite a few details you’ll want to make sure you include in your resume: full name and contact information, education (particularly as a college graduate), relevant work history, and references. 

You can also include additional sections like skills, civic activity, or strengths. 

You don’t, however, want to mention extraneous personal information that isn’t relevant to the job or work history that hasn’t prepared you for the job (like your part time fast food job as a teen). 

You should also consider leaving out awards and accomplishments that you received prior to college, unless they’re especially impressive or relevant to the job for which you’re applying. 

Types of resumes 

There are four common types of resumes. These types are: chronological, functional, combination, and targeted. 

The type you should choose depends on whether you have consistent work history (chronological is smart here), are just graduating college without much employment history but have some great abilities to emphasize (functional works here), or if you fall somewhere between these two, where combination will work best. 

If you’re interested in crafting your resume for a specific position rather than casting a wide net, a targeted resume is a smart choice. 

How to layout a resume

Now you know what a resume is, but how do you create one? The surest way is to use a resume builder that will truly work to make your resume reflect who you are as a candidate.

When you enlist the help of a resource like this, you automatically give yourself an upperhand in the job market. 

The layout of your resume is variable depending on which type of resume is most appropriate for you, but there are some consistent standards: 10-12 point font, 1” margins, and a 1-2 page document. 

It's time to create a resume

Breaking into the job market and embarking on your career journey is an exciting time of your life. 

With a million possibilities ahead of you, maximize your chances of landing an interview for your dream job with a well-developed resume. 

Now that you know what a resume is and how to go about creating one, you can turn your attention toward brushing up your interview skills , after just a few quick steps: take stock of your work history and abilities, organize your thoughts on your most impressive skills, reach out to possible references, and use our free resume builder to take care of the rest! 

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